Pollinators’ contribution to the global ecological capital is invaluable and their impact on biodiversity and environmental quality is vital. An estimated 80 percent of flowering plants are pollinated by a diverse insect fauna. Our food supply and survival depend on this eco-systemic service.
Insect pollination not only increases crop yields, but also helps to improve the quality of such crops. Insect-pollinated vegetables usually have a higher market value than wind-pollinated or self-pollinated vegetables, and those improvements are even greater when crops are pollinated by different agents that include a wide array of non-bee pollinators, such as flies, beetles, ants, wasps or butterflies.
“The annual global contribution of the many pollinating insects is estimated to be worth around $577 billion. Decomposition and soil formation are estimated to be worth four times as much as pollination in total” (Sverdrup-Thygeson, 2020, p. 167). Given the great economic impact of this eco-systemic service, governments should include it as a key priority in their policies.
Native bees play a key role in ecosystems, and they provide more than $3 billion dollars in pollination services to the United States every year.