Fossil records reveal that Artemisia L. possibly originated from the existing arid or subarid area of temperate Asia 30 million years ago. Artemisia species are found on every continent except Antarctica. Artemisa gorgonum is a species endemic to Cape Verde. Its local name is losna or lasna.
When the Victoria, captained by Sebastian Elcano, arrived to Cape Verde on July 9th, 1522, twenty crewmen had died from starvation. This stop was exclusively to get provisions, but the Portuguese detained 13 crew members after discovering that Victoria was carrying spices from the East Indies. The Victoria managed to escape with 26 tons of cloves and cinnamon. In September 1522, Elcano and the remaining crew of 18 men arrived in Sanlucar de Barrameda, almost three years after they departed.
Today different species of Artemisa are used primarily in medicine, including to treat malaria. Artemisia annua was considered as a possible treatment for Covid-19. As of June 2020, there is no evidence that Artemisa can treat or prevent Covid-19.
Also known as Wormwood, it is a popular ingredient in the maceration of wines, bitters, vermouth and other spirits.